To record the wage charge, return for a company, association firm, LLP or a proprietorship concern, benefits and picks up from commerce and profession must be calculated and detailed as a constituent head. Beneath this head of pay, the profit and gains from any commerce or calling carried on by the assessee at any time amid the budgetary year ought to be detailed. In this article, we see at the different sorts of livelihoods that must be included to calculate benefit and picks up from any business or profession. To calculate profit and gains from business and profession, the following types of income must be added:
Profit and gains from any business or profession carried on by the assessee.
Any compensation or other payment due to or received by any specified person.
Income derived by a trade, professional or similar association from specific services performed for its member.
Profit on sale of a license granted under the Imports (Control) Order 1955, made under the Import-Export Control Act, 1947
Cash assistance (by whatever name called) received or receivable by any person against exports under any scheme of Government of India.
Any duty of Customs or Excise repaid or repayable as a drawback to any person against exports under the Customs and Central Excise Duties Drawback Rules, 1971.
Profit on transfer of Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme, under Section 5 of Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992.
Profit on transfer of Duty-Free Replenishment Certificate, under Section 5 of Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act 1992
Value of any benefits or perquisites arising from a business or the exercise of a profession.
Interest, salary, bonus, commission or remuneration due to or received by a partner from partnership firm
Any sum received or receivable for not carrying out any activity concerning any business or profession; or
Any sum received or receivable for not sharing any know-how, patent, copyright, trademark, licence, franchise, or any other business or commercial right of information or technique likely to assist in the manufacture of goods or provision of services.
Any sum received under a Keyman Insurance policy including the sum of bonus on such policy
Any sum received ( or receivable) in cash or in-kind, on account of any capital assets (other than land or goodwill or financial instrument) being demolished, destroyed, discarded or transferred, if the whole of the expenditure on such capital assets has been allowed as a deduction under section 35AD
Income from speculative transactions. However, it shall be deemed to be distinct and separate from any other business.
Remission or cessation of liability in respect of any loss, expenditure or trading liability incurred by the taxpayers
Recovery of trading liability by successor which was allowed to the predecessor shall be chargeable to tax in the hands of a successor. Succession could be due to amalgamation or demerger or succession of a firm succeeded by another firm or company, etc.
Any liability which is unilaterally written off by the taxpayer from the books of accounts shall be deemed as remission or cessation of such liability and shall be chargeable to tax.
Depreciable asset in case of power generating units is sold, discarded, demolished or destroyed, the amount by which sale consideration and/ or insurance compensation together with scrap value exceeds its WDV shall be chargeable to tax.
Where any capital asset used in scientific research is sold without having been used for other purposes and the sale proceeds together with the amount of deduction allowed under section 35 exceed the amount of the capital expenditure, such surplus or the amount of deduction allowed, whichever is less, is chargeable to tax as business income in the year in which the sale took place.
Where bad debts have been allowed as a deduction under Section 36(1)(vii) in earlier years, and recovery of same shall be chargeable to tax.
Amount withdrawn from special reserves created and maintained under Section 36(1)(viii) shall be chargeable as income in the previous year in which the amount is withdrawn.
Loss of a discontinued business or profession could be adjusted from the deemed business income as referred to in section 41(1), 41(3), (4) or (4A) without any time limit.
Where the consideration for the transfer of land or building or both as stock-in-trade is less than the stamp duty value, the value so adopted shall be deemed to be the full value of consideration for computing income under this head.
As per RBI Guidelines, Interest on bad and doubtful debts of Public Financial Institution or Scheduled Bank or [a co-operative bank other than a primary agricultural credit society or a primary co-operative agricultural and rural development bank] or State Financial Corporation or State Industrial Investment Corporation, shall be chargeable to tax in the year in which it is credited to Profit and Loss A/c or year in which it is actually received, whichever happens, earlier.
Similarly, as per NHB Guidelines, Interest on bad and doubtful debts of a housing finance company shall be chargeable to tax, in the year it is credited to Profit and Loss Account concerning the year in which they actually receive it, whichever is earlier.
Assistance in the form of a subsidy or grant or cash incentive or duty drawback or waiver or concession or reimbursement (by whatever name called) by the Central Govt. or State Govt. or any authority or body or agency to the assessee would be included in the definition of income as referred to in Section 2(24). However, in the following cases subsidy or grant shall not be treated as income:
The subsidy or grant or reimbursement which is taken into account for determination of the actual cost of the asset as per the provisions of Explanation 10 to clause (1) of Section 43;
The subsidy or grant by the Central Government for the corpus of a trust or institution established by the Central Government or a State Government, as the case may be.
Once the over things, as appropriate are included to the pay head, conclusions can be claimed. The list of all findings from benefits and picks up from commerce and calling ought to be considered sometime recently arriving at the ultimate sum of wage reported under this head within the return of income.