The government keeps trying to bring up new schemes to tackle the problems of society. But have you ever wondered what fundamental laws actually make living in a society possible?
Civil rights were introduced to maintain a society which flourished intellectually, lived in harmony and focused on personal development.
Here is a list of the top 13 Civil rights that we think every citizen of India should know:
Man must live before he can do anything. The state has to make provisions for well-being and safety of its citizens. The right also implies to the right to self-defense and prevention of suicide.
Right to family life is of great significance for the continuation of human race. One can marry the person of his/her choice and produce children.
Every state gives the opportunity to its citizens to get an education as only educated people can participate in the working of society and government.
Right to personal freedom is absolutely essential for the mental and physical growth of an individual. Right to personal freedom can be enjoyed in accordance with the laws made by the state and also in accordance with the interests of society.
The State does not impose any religion on people and they are free to adopt any religion, and establish their religious institutions.
Right to freedom of thought and expression is also very important for personality development. All people want the freedom to express and exchange with others their views and ideas.
Every citizen has the right to move freely throughout the country. Citizens are also given the right to go abroad. However certain areas can be made restricted areas.
Citizens are given the right to get their views printed in newspapers and periodicals. This right is essential for spreading education and information among the people.
In a modern democratic state, individuals are granted the right to equality. Though discrimination is done on the basis of religion, language, caste, sex and colour. Everyone is given equal opportunity to develop.
To save the weak and the poor, right to get justice is also given. If this right is not given, many other rights also become meaningless. People are given the right to go to court for securing justice.
In order to fulfil social, economic, political and cultural needs, many form different types of associations and the state recognise their right to do so. But state does not permit the formation of associations that are considered harmful to the interest of the society.
Citizens have been given the right to cultural freedom. They are free to develop their languages, customs, folkways, literature, and traditions.
The right to contract enables the citizens to enter into free contracts with others. This is an essential condition of civilised life as without this social, economic and political relations cannot be really established.
Civil rights are the most basic and essential rights that citizens of India have. Each individual is morally obligated to act in a rightful way and help those who are simply unaware of what moral responsibilities they have.